Its been a while since one of these so its time for another varietal post. This time its the interesting Icatu thats been very difficult to tie down. An interesting and potentially exciting varietal, one to watch.
Related to: C.arabica and c. canephora
Grows best at: 800ft and higher
Prevalent in: Brazil
Predominant Colour: Red and Yellow
Fruit size: Large
Leaf Characteristic’s: No noticeable traits
Plant Characteristic’s: Tall plant
Only when I started to dig into this varietal did I find how widespread it is. With DNA in Iapar 59 and others, this relatively young varietal came to the forefront in 1985 in Brazil (again), but was officially released in 1993.
There are lots of sub varietals around icatu, most of them just sub variations. These hybrids are the result of repeated backcrossing of arabica with robusta hybrids to arabica cultivars with Mundo Novo and Caturra, and is by far the most complicated of the varietals I’ve looked at so far.
It has a strong resistance to leaf rust, and rootknot neratodes.
A relatively young varietal its true potential as a specialty coffee has yet to be accessed but its pest resistance and it success in brazil’s COE competition (our Brazil Rancho Sao Benedito from the 2008 competition a great example) show positive signs. In the cup too
Typical characteristics: Low acidity, medium to full body, sweet dark chocolate taste with a hint of citric aroma.
Links: Mundo Novo